FCI Group

The Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie) belongs to the Terriers in the FCI grouping.

AKC Group

The Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie) is classified under the Terrier group in the AKC grouping.

Is the Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie) allowed as a pet in a Singapore HDB flat?



Yorkshire, England, 1800s. The Yorkie was developed to catch the terrible rats and mice that infested clothing mills and mine shafts. These hunting dogs could also infiltrate into badger and fox burrows. The Yorkshire Terrier's origins are not entirely traced. It is thought that Scotsmen whom worked in the woollen mills of Yorkshire brought with them various types of terrier, including the Skye Terrier, Dandie Dinmont, Manchester Terrier, Maltese and the now-extinct Clydesdale (Paisley Terrier), and crossed them with the local dogs, such as the longhaired Leeds Terrier. Earlier Yorkies were much bigger, but selectively breeding of the smallest individuals through the years resulted in the miniaturised version we see today.

Original Purpose

Vermin hunting.

Behaviour and Temperament

Oblivious of their small size, Yorkshire Terriers are domineering, fiery, stubborn, alert, adventuresome, and lively.

Breed Characteristics

Yorkshire Terriers make good watchdogs. Some are inappropriately aggressive. Some are barky. They enjoy being pampered but also like a chance to act like other dogs and run and play.

What are some Physical Features of the Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie)?

18 to 22 cm; under 3 kg. Pet dogs are usually larger than show dogs. Colours are dark steel blue on body; golden tan on face, chest, ears, and legs. Pet types have black markings that just don’t turn blue. Yorkshire Terriers are born black.

Coat Type and Recommended Grooming

Long, silky, straight hair. High maintenance; Show coats need hours of grooming, which is why most pet owners chose to clip them. Clipped coat requires frequent combing and brushing. Professional grooming is recommended. Teeth should be checked and cleaned regularly. Minimal shedding.

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of the Yorkshire Terrier is between 12 and 16 years.

Health Concerns

Heart problems (mitral valve insufficiency), rheumy eyes, liver disease (portacaval shunt, hepatitis), dermatitis (skin inflammation), ear infections, enteritis (intestine inflammation), cancer, nephritis (kidney inflammation). Some Yorkies prone to early tooth decay and have poor tolerance to anaesthetics.


Play will satisfy most of their exercise needs, however a daily walk is necessary to fulfil their primal instinct to walk.


Small enough for apartment life, but some can become too vocal. Yorkies can get excessively active indoors especially when they do not get the required walk.


Good with well-behaved older children but not necessarily with toddlers. Most are friendly, some are shy. Usually shy with other pets.


Average; Yorkies can be stubborn if over pampered. Early training will help the 'yappy' individuals that bark at almost any sound. Some can be hard to housebreak.

Recommended Activities

Companion, agility.