photo: iStock


FCI Group

The Pug belongs to the Companion and Toy Dogs in the FCI grouping.

AKC Group

The Pug is classified under the Toy group in the AKC grouping.

Is the Pug allowed as a pet in a Singapore HDB flat?



Uncertain, possibly China; others suggest a Russian origin. The breed may be more than 1,000 years old.

Original Purpose


Behaviour and Temperament

Good-natured, confident, affectionate, stable, lively, willful.

Breed Characteristics

Needs a lot of attention. Enjoys showing off. Calm in the house. Not good in very hot or cold weather. Snores.

What are some Physical Features of the Pug?

28 to 33cm; 6.5 to 11kg. Compact; a double twist in the tail is especially prized. Although the skin is loose, there are no wrinkles except on the head. Colours are red, sable, apricot, fawn, silver fawn, black-and-tan, silver; with or without white markings. Back moles on cheeks; black mask.

Coat Type and Recommended Grooming

Short, fine, glossy; outercoat is water-resistant; undercoat is dense and velvety soft. Low maintenance; eyes need special care. Moderate shedding.

Life Expectancy

12 to 15 years.

The Oldest Pug in the Community

No pups found

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Health Concerns

Obesity, breathing problems, eye and eyelid abnormalities (prolapse of the eye), dental problems, orthopaedic problems (patellar luxation, hip dysplasia), Pug Dog encephalitis, seizures, allergies.




Adaptable to any living situation; ideal for apartment life.


Does equally well as family dog or a sole companion. Good with older children. Aloof with strangers. Good with other pets but doesn’t mind being an only dog.


Average; obedience training is useful.

Recommended Activities

Obedience, therapy dog.

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