Needs a lot of attention. Enjoys showing off. Calm in the house. Not good in very hot or cold weather. Snores.
Uncertain, possibly China; others suggest a Russian origin. The breed may be more than 1,000 years old.
Good-natured, confident, affectionate, stable, lively, willful.
28 to 33cm; 6.5 to 11kg. Compact; a double twist in the tail is especially prized. Although the skin is loose, there are no wrinkles except on the head. Colours are red, sable, apricot, fawn, silver fawn, black-and-tan, silver; with or without white markings. Back moles on cheeks; black mask.
Short, fine, glossy; outercoat is water-resistant; undercoat is dense and velvety soft. Low maintenance; eyes need special care. Moderate shedding.
Obesity, breathing problems, eye and eyelid abnormalities (prolapse of the eye), dental problems, orthopaedic problems (patellar luxation, hip dysplasia), Pug Dog encephalitis, seizures, allergies.
Adaptable to any living situation; ideal for apartment life.
Does equally well as family dog or a sole companion. Good with older children. Aloof with strangers. Good with other pets but doesn’t mind being an only dog.
Average; obedience training is useful.
Obedience, therapy dog.