Breed Characteristics

Good watchdog. Well-behaved in the house. Pomeranians are one of the most independent in the toy breeds. Some can become picky eaters. Usually barky. Has a low tolerance to heat. A good breed for the first-time dog owner.

Is the Pomeranian approved as a pet in a Singapore HDB flat?



Germany (Pomerania), 1800s. The original Pomeranians were much larger, weighing up to 14kgs, and worked as sheepherders. The Kennel Club in England was the first to recognise the Pomeranian as a breed (1870). In 1888 Queen Victoria began breeding and showing these dogs. It was she who started breeding them down in size, making the breed very well liked in England. The AKC recognised the Pomeranian in 1888.

Original Purpose

The original purpose of the Pomeranian was to be a versatile working dog in cold climates. They were bred from larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically the German Spitz, and were known for their thick double coats, intelligence, and alertness.

In addition to their working roles, Pomeranians were also valued as companions. They were known for being loyal and affectionate, and they quickly became popular among royalty and other members of the upper class.

Over time, Pomeranians were bred to be smaller and more toy-like in appearance. However, they still retain many of the traits that made them valuable working dogs. They are intelligent, alert, and energetic, and they make excellent companions for people who are looking for a small but active dog.

In modern times, Pomeranians are primarily kept as pets. However, they are still capable of performing many of the tasks that they were originally bred for. They can be trained to herd livestock, and even perform tricks. Pomeranians are also excellent therapy dogs, and they are often used to visit hospitals and nursing homes.

Behaviour and Temperament

Pomeranians are known for their lively, energetic, and confident personalities. They are often described as being "big dogs in small bodies" due to their assertive and sometimes bossy nature. Pomeranians are also known for being intelligent, loyal, and affectionate companions.

What are some Physical Features of the Pomeranian?

The smallest of the spitz breeds, miniaturised from larger cousins, Pomeranians are small, compact dogs with a thick double coat that comes in a variety of colours. The earliest Pomeranians were all white. Today all colours and patterns are allowed, including chocolate and white. The most common colours are red, orange, black, brown, cream, and white. They can also be found in sable, brindle, and parti-colour patterns.

Their coat is known for being fluffy and luxurious, and it requires regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles. Pomeranians typically stand between 17.8 and 30.5 cm tall at the shoulder and weigh between 1.4 and 3.2 kg. They have a wedge-shaped head with a rounded skull, small prick ears, and dark, almond-shaped eyes. Their tail is high-set and curls over their back.

Coat Type and Recommended Grooming

Pomeranians have a thick double coat that consists of a soft, dense undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. The undercoat helps to insulate them from the cold, while the outer coat protects them from the elements. Their coat can be straight, wavy, or curly, and it comes in a wide variety of colors, including red, orange, black, brown, cream, white, sable, brindle, and parti-colour.

To keep their coat healthy and looking its best, Pomeranians need to be brushed regularly. Brushing helps to remove dead hair, distribute natural oils, and prevent mats and tangles. A slicker brush is a good option for brushing their outer coat, while a pin brush can be used to detangle their undercoat. They should be brushed at least twice a week, and more often during shedding season.

In addition to brushing, Pomeranians also need to be bathed regularly. However, they should not be bathed too often, as this can strip their coat of its natural oils. A good rule of thumb is to bathe them every 4-6 weeks. When bathing them, use a mild shampoo that is designed for dogs. A heavy shedder twice a year, during which professional grooming is recommended.

Life Expectancy of the Pomeranian

The life expectancy of the Pomeranian is between 12 and 15 years.

Have a Pomeranian?

Health Concerns

Pomeranians are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to a few health concerns. Some of the most common health concerns in Pomeranians include:

Tracheal collapse: This is a condition in which the trachea (windpipe) collapses. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, injury, and obesity. Symptoms of tracheal collapse include coughing, difficulty breathing, and exercise intolerance.

Luxating patellas: This is a condition in which the kneecap slips out of place. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, injury, and obesity. Symptoms of luxating patellas include lameness, limping, and difficulty walking.

Hypoglycaemia: This is a condition in which the blood sugar level drops too low. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including skipping meals, eating too many sugary foods, and exercising too much. Symptoms of hypoglycaemia include weakness, lethargy, seizures, and coma.

Dental problems: Pomeranians are prone to dental problems, such as tartar buildup and gum disease. Regular teeth brushing can help to prevent these problems.

Eye problems: Pomeranians are prone to eye problems, such as cataracts and glaucoma. Regular eye exams are important for early detection and treatment of these problems.

Exercise Needs

Pomeranians are active little dogs that need plenty of exercise to stay happy and healthy. While play usually takes care of most of the Pomeranian's exercise needs, a daily walk or romp in the park is highly recommended for these energetic pups. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per day. This could include a brisk walk, a game of fetch, or a run in the park.

In addition to physical exercise, Pomeranians also need mental stimulation. This could include training them new tricks, playing puzzle games, or providing them with interactive toys. A bored Pomeranian is more likely to develop behavioural problems, such as barking, chewing, and digging.


Adaptable to any living situation, but the Pomeranian can be noisy. Very active indoors and will do fine without a yard. A small apartment or condo can be fine for a Pomeranian, but they will need to be taken out for walks or playtime on a regular basis.

Pomeranians are not well-suited for extreme temperatures. They can overheat easily in hot weather, so it is important to keep them cool during hot days.

Pomeranians are social dogs that do not like to be left alone for long periods of time. If you are going to be away from home for more than a few hours, you should arrange for someone to check on your Pomeranian or take them to a daycare.


Okay with older well-disciplined children but are not suited for rough play. Reserved and wary of strangers; some individuals may be snappish. Unless properly introduced, Pomeranians are often suspicious of other pets and may display aggressive behaviour.


Variable—low to high; responds well to consistent training. Pomeranians need to be taught that it may bark a couple of times when the doorbell rings, but then to keep quiet. Some Poms can be stubborn, so it is important to be patient with them. Don't get discouraged if they don't learn a new command right away.

Recommended Activities

Agility, flyball, obedience.

Pomeranian Dog Club / Communities in Singapore

There are over 5,000 Pomeranian lovers in the Singapore Pomeranian Club (Facebook).