Elegant, quick-footed. Likes to be the center of attention. Thrives on human companionship; however, he does not need constant attention. Sedate in the house, especially as he matures. Should not be allowed to play roughly, as he could be injured. Tends to jump on people. Has no doggy odour. No cold tolerance. Slow to mature.
Italy, Greece, or Turkey, antiquity; Romans bred them for pets.
Gentle, devoted, calm, sensitive, alert, vivacious.
13 to 16 in (33 to 40.5 cm), 7 to 13 lb (3 to 6 kg). So delicately built that he is considered a toy dog. Colours are usually black, fawn, red, cream blue, with or without broken white. Any colour but brindle or black-and-tan allowed.
Short, soft, and glossy. Minimal grooming; once a week. Very minimal shedding.
13 to 16 years.
Periodontal problems, PRA, fractures, color dilution alopecia, patellar luxation, sensitivity to anesthesia and barbiturates.
Moderate to high; enjoys running.
Suitable for any type of living environment.
Good with older, gentle children; too fragile for toddlers. Reserved with strangers. Good with larger dogs; likes familiar pets, including cats. May chase very small pets or quarrel with dogs his own size.
Average; some are hard to housetrain.